Since I wrote about French in the “P” post, allow me to stay with the Latin/Romance languages and expand, but take the show in a different direction.
For many years I lived in a country with a Latin-derived language (Romania — in light green on the map above).
A bit strange, as is usually remarked when I described this, for a country surrounded by Slavic-speakers in just about every direction, to speak a version of Latin closest to Italian and Portuguese.
There are Slavic influences in Romanian, even some Greek and Turkish (from the Byzantine and Ottoman rule), but as much as 90% of the language is derived from Latin.
A little background:
Before Romania was Romania, it was Dacia and its people spoke an Indo-European language about which little is known.
Dacia became a province of ancient Rome in 106 AD. Soon after, the Romans colonized the area, bringing their language with them.
Although the Romans were forced to withdrawal in the 3rd century, the Latin language influence prevailed and withstood many other wars and occupations.
So, how are the Romance languages interrelated?
It’s impossible to cover everything on Latin-derived languages here, but charts help summarize things. Personally, I love charts and have a fascination with languages, so here’s an easy chart/tree I found.
The Romance Linguistic Area of Europe, with Latin as the base. Of course, the expanse is much wider if we include Latin and South America.
Well, friends, we made it through three-fourths of the Challenge.
A short post from me today, but I’d love for you to join the conversation. In Southern California, Spanish is our second language, and I think that’s true for many states. How about where you live?
Images credit: Romance Linguistic Area of Europe, from Wikimedia Commons; Chart, from jesterbear.com.